CTL Leather Inc

  • CTL Leather Inc
  • 90 Carnforth Road
  • Toronto, ON, Canada
  • M4A 2K7

Types of Leather

No other fabric can compare with the unique textures, rich colors, strength, or smell of real leather. It's in a category all its own with different sizes, weights, types, and prices. The joy of working with real leather is all in the longevity of the finished projects, garments, and accessories that last well beyond the years of any other fabric or fiber. 

Below is a general categorization of the many types of leather:

Leather Type Description Tannage Used for:
Bridle Firm, rich-colored leather with just enough oils to withstand weather. Can be oiled for darker hues. Vegetable Belts, straps, fine pet collars, leashes, gun belts.
Chrome Oil Tanned Beautiful, durable leather with the right amount of oil for a soft, supple feel. Chrome Chaps, cases & bags, boots.
Kipskin Produced from smaller calf hides and generally very clean. Good for dye and stamping. Vegetable Re-tanned Belt liners, personal leather goods.
Latigo A combination tanned leather designed to be rigid yet very pliable. Good for products in which strength and flexibility are needed.  Chrome Vegetable Re-tanned Tack, straps, belts, pet collars, leashes, cinches.
Vegetable Tan Strap, Tooling & Molding Leather for tooling, embossing, molding, dyeing & oiling. Uniformly absorbs dyes and oils. Dries to a firm, long-lasting shape.  Vegetable Belts, straps, holsters & sheaths.
Shearlings & Sheepskins Quality wool sheepskins in a variety of thicknesses. Vegetable & Chrome tanned varieties Lining saddles, padding, ect.
Suede Leather finished by buffing the flesh side of the hide to produce a “nap”.  Chrome Chaps, garments, trim.
Upholstery Whole hides tanned for applications where large pieces of leather are required. Typically soft, supple, strong and durable.  Chrome Upholstery, garments.

Hide Sizes, Sections & Surface Variations

Hides come in a variety of shapes and sizes depending on the animal the hide originates from. The following are diagrams and average sizes for various types.

For a cowhide, the below diagram illustrates the various sections the raw hide

Hide Area Descriptions

a. Cheek

b. Face

c. Shoulder (double)

d. Fore shank

e. Belly

f. Bend

g. Butt

h. Belly Middle

i. Hind Shank

The below diagram illustrates the various surface variations that can occur on a cow hide: